HTML5 Input Types

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HTML5 New Input Types

HTML5 has several new input types for forms. These new features allow for better input control and validation.

This chapter covers the new input types:

  • email
  • url
  • number
  • range
  • Date pickers (date, month, week, time, datetime, datetime-local)
  • search
  • color

Browser Support

Input type IE Firefox Opera Chrome Safari
email No No 9.0 No No
url No No 9.0 No No
number No No 9.0 7.0 No
range No No 9.0 4.0 4.0
Date pickers No No 9.0 No No
search No No 11.0 No No
color No No 11.0 No No

Note: Opera has the best support for the new input types. However, you can already start using them in all major browsers. If they are not supported, they will be behave as regular text fields.

Input Type - email

The email type is used for input fields that should contain an e-mail address.

The value of the email field is automatically validated when the form is submitted.

Example

E-mail: <input type="email" name="user_email" />
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Hint: Safari on the iPhone recognizes the email input type, and changes the on-screen keyboard to match it (adds @ and .com options).

Input Type - url

The url type is used for input fields that should contain a URL address.

The value of the url field is automatically validated when the form is submitted.

Example

Homepage: <input type="url" name="user_url" />
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Hint: Safari on the iPhone recognizes the url input type, and changes the on-screen keyboard to match it (adds .com option).

Input Type - number

The number type is used for input fields that should contain a numeric value.

You can also set restrictions on what numbers are accepted:

Example

Points: <input type="number" name="points" min="1" max="10" />
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Use the following attributes to specify restrictions for the number type:

Attribute Value Description
max number Specifies the maximum value allowed
min number Specifies the minimum value allowed
step number Specifies legal number intervals (if step="3", legal numbers could be -3,0,3,6, etc)
value number Specifies the default value

Hint: Safari on the iPhone recognizes the number input type, and changes the on-screen keyboard to match it (shows numbers).

Input Type - range

The range type is used for input fields that should contain a value from a range of numbers.

The range type is displayed as a slider bar.

You can also set restrictions on what numbers are accepted:

Example

<input type="range" name="points" min="1" max="10" />
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Use the following attributes to specify restrictions for the range type:

Attribute Value Description
max number Specifies the maximum value allowed
min number Specifies the minimum value allowed
step number Specifies legal number intervals (if step="3", legal numbers could be -3,0,3,6, etc)
value number Specifies the default value


Input Type - Date Pickers

HTML5 has several new input types for selecting date and time:

  • date - Selects date, month and year
  • month - Selects month and year
  • week - Selects week and year
  • time - Selects time (hour and minute)
  • datetime - Selects time, date, month and year (UTC time)
  • datetime-local - Selects time, date, month and year (local time)

The Below example allows you to select a date from a calendar:

Example

Date: <input type="date" name="user_date" />
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Input Type - search

The search type is used for search fields, like a site search, or Google search.

The search field behaves like a regular text field.

Input Type - color

The color type is used for input fields that should contain a color.

This input type will allow you to select a color from a color picker:

Example

Color: <input type="color" name="user_color" />
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